The Eastman Kodak Company, commonly known as Kodak, is a USA-based multinational company. The company headquarter is located in Rochester, NY. It was founded by George Eastman in 1889. For more than 100 years Kodak dominated the photographic industry, targeting both consumers and professionals. Around 1975, Kodak sold 90 % of the photographic film consumed in the USA along with 85 % of the cameras.
In 1975, Steven Sasson, an electrical engineer at Kodak, invented the digital camera. The year after, Kodak employee Bryce Bayer invents the Bayer pattern colour filter array, which is still used to create digital colour photographs. The first commercially available digital SLR camera (DCS 100) was introduced by Kodak in May 1991.
However, the company never managed replace the revenues generated by film, chemicals and film-based cameras with digital photography products. In January 2012, Kodak filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. The company is currently restructuring itself. The core of its future business seems to be photo printers and, high-speed commercial ink-jet presses.